9 months of love, but also 9 months of continuous questions and possible fears. What is anxiety in pregnancy and how to calm it? Here are the expert’s tips. Are you expecting a baby? There are many emotions that invade the mind and body of a woman when she discovers she is pregnant , but not all of them are necessarily positive. When we try states of mind that do not make us feel good, that affect happiness, that stress the pregnant woman from the first weeks we talk about anxiety in pregnancy . It is a much more widespread phenomenon than is believed, which manifests itself through forms of real and presumed fears , agitations and fears . To ensure that fewer women suffer from it, we asked Dr. DariaRusso , a clinical psychologist, what are the remedies for effectively combating anxiety in pregnancy. More information on false period about pregnancy bleeding.
ANXIETY IN PREGNANCY: THE CAUSES
A woman who realizes she is pregnant first discovers this through body changes . It is difficult to accept the physical metamorphosis and the various states of discomfort, such as swelling and nausea, with serenity . Dr. Daria Russo observes: Anxiety in pregnancy is just that feeling that some women experience while watching their body change, they begin to fear not recognizing themselves and not having the ability to support changes and pregnancy with everything they require. Future mothers find themselves experiencing anxiety because of their thoughts and concerns. Thoughts and worries , therefore, that lead the expectant mother to ask herself if her body will ever return as it used to be, if her partner accepts it and loves it as always and at all stages of her pregnancy, if she is able to be a good mom . And many other “ifs” that trigger a sense of unease and inadequacy in the face of a more than natural situation. The pregnant woman finds herself understanding for the first time the meaning of “loss of control” because the belly takes the reins, the rhythms. In the same way, the hormonal aspect also affects the anxiety that the woman experiences. To these are associated fears and fears of acquaintances, future mothers, new mothers and people who believe they must always say their opinion, thus causing a spiral of excessive emotions and apprehensions .
ANXIETY IN PREGNANCY: HOW TO CALM HER
If external people can be remedied, not listening to them and, in the worst cases, taking them away, the task of calming down one’s thoughts is much more difficult . There are various ways to calm anxiety in pregnancy , but the first is certainly to live peacefully this moment of change, without getting involved with unnecessary worries and, when you really can’t manage to sustain the change, talk about it with someone, from a friend to a specialized figure.
THE 9 TIPS OF THE EXPERT FOR MANAGING PREGNANCY ANXIETY
Prepared courses . In addition to the classic lessons, you can take courses in Hypnobirthing , which teaches women how positive thinking has a huge impact on anxiety management and how anxiety can calm down through deep meditations . Support groups . Attend therapeutic support groups for pregnant women to be able to compare and not feel alone in this experience. The next partner . Clinging to your partner is really helpful and comforting during the 9 months. Not thinking about the future, which is unknown at the time, but living here and now becomes more important than other moments in life . Tribal life . There are books that talk about tribes, people who constantly support each other without reservation. Having a tribe of trustworthy people who fully supports a pregnant mother can help right now. It can help the mother feel protected, not to feel alone and at the mercy of the pregnancy itself . Physical activity .Move, move and still move. During pregnancy you can do activities, unless you have different medical and gynecological advice. You can do, for example, yoga , or go for walks with friends and, why not, solo!
Pamper yourself . Every woman has to take a break from the daily routine from time to time. It must detach with the body and above all with the mind. And this applies even more during the 9 months of waiting. Changing haircuts, having your hair done, giving yourself a professional make-up session or doing massages are all valid alternatives to take care of yourself. Hobbies . Finding courses as a hobby can greatly help the pregnant woman anxious. Whether it is a cooking class, a pastry lesson or a photography lesson it doesn’t matter, just choose what you love to do. Cognitive behavioral therapy . Who feels particularly down, who wants an expert opinion, who needs to be heard, can resort to cognitive-behavioral therapy, which will help to overcome anxieties and concerns. On the other hand, absolutely avoid the use of so-called calming drugs; during pregnancy you should not take it and, in any case, you should always ask your doctor for advice. Therapy for mothers . Pre-and post-partum support group therapy for mothers can help a lot. It is valid not only during the sweet wait, but also after, when the changes will continue to be there and, above all because there is a puppy of a man at home, it is believed that they cannot be managed better.
ANXIETY IN PREGNANCY: DOES IT HARM THE FETUS?
Living 9 months of anxiety and frustration is not good for the mother but not even for the child! Dr. Russo says: Studies show that what we experience, whether they are positive or negative emotions, reach the fetus. The high levels of anxiety of a future mother can also become a risk factor in the possibility of completing the pregnancy itself, being a cause of pre-eclampsia and leading to a greater risk of premature birth . If the pregnancy was completed, anxiety could cause a low body weight birth. It is also important to think about the gestation period and how anxiety during different gestation periods can affect the fetus differently. If stress takes hold at an advanced stage, research shows that the child has a greater risk of developing neuropsychiatric and metabolic diseases.
HOW HORMONES REGULATE THE CONCEPTION AND IMPLANTATION OF THE EMBRYO
Hormones affect the menstrual cycle, embryo implantation and pregnancy: let’s see what happens and how they change at different stages of a woman’s life. It is known that hormones have a strong influence on pregnancy, but not only. Some particular hormones, in fact, are also responsible for the menstrual cycle, of which they regulate the progress, and of conception itself. Let’s see in detail what it is.
HORMONES DURING THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE
The menstrual cycle , that is the period that elapses between one menstruation and the other, lasts on average 28 days. In this period of time several changes occur in the body: the two hormones produced by the hypofsi, the FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) and the LH (lutinizing hormone) have an oscillating pattern, depending on the ovulatory phase. In the early days of menstruation the FSH hormone increases to stimulate the growth of the follicles , therefore it decreases once the follicle is “selected” for ovulation, called the dominant follicle. In the same period the LH hormone starts to increase slowly. ovulation hormones spotting ovulation Before the LH hormone reaches its peak, the follicle starts producing estrogen and in particular estradiol , while the ovaries continue to produce estrogen and progesterone.
HORMONES AND OVULATORY SPOTTING
At this point the production of progesterone by the ovaries increases significantly, while the follicle produces less estradiol: it is the phase of ovulation, the most fertile period of the menstrual cycle. During ovulation, there is a slight loss of blood, ovulatory spotting , and cramps, or more or less intense pain in the ovaries. Ovulatory spotting is caused by the sharp drop in estrogen that precedes the ovulatory peak and causes a slight exfoliation of the uterine mucosa, which can give rise to slight blood loss . The ovulatory peak lasts two or three days and releases hormones in large quantities. With the peak of LH there is the maturation of the dominant follicle which releases an egg cell. This oocyte is released 16 to 32 hours after the start of raising LH values.
HORMONES AND EMBRYO IMPLANTATION
The ovulation is therefore the expulsion of the oocyte by the mature (dominant) follicle, which is transformed into the corpus luteum and secretes progesterone and estradiol for the next 14 days or so. If during this time a pregnancy is not determined, the production of the two hormones collapses, giving rise to menstruation . If, on the other hand, the oocyte encounters a sperm that fertilizes it, it gives rise to the blastocyst , which continues its path and from 2 to 4 days later arrives in the uterus: here, after another two days, the implantation takes place on the uterine wall favored by the hormone progesterone. Some women in concomitance with embryo implantation may experience slight blood loss, called implant leakage. Since the losses occur near the arrival of menstruation they can be mistaken for premenstrual spotting: here we have explained how to distinguish the two different cases. In the presence of doubts, however, it is advisable to carry out a pregnancy test: those of the latest generation are able to identify conception even before the actual delay of menstruation. The implantation of the fertilized egg is a rather long process, which can last about a week: once it is completed, production of another hormone, Beta hCG , begins and signals a pregnancy.